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Hydrogen is considered by the U.S. Department of Energy as a key solution to decarbonize up to 25% of energy-related CO2 emissions globally

Hydrogen is emerging as an essential solution for decarbonizing challenging sectors like steel production and heavy transport. However, its high cost, ranging from $13 to $16 per kilogram in California, represents a significant obstacle to its widespread adoption. According to specialists from Verne, Ted McKlveen and Bav Roy, the production cost constitutes only 15% of the final hydrogen price at service stations. Most of the expense is distributed between the operation of the pumping station (50%) and distribution (35%).

Hydrogen is considered by the U.S. Department of Energy as a key solution to decarbonize up to 25% of energy-related CO2 emissions globally. However, for this potential to materialize, it is crucial to reduce production costs.

To achieve the goal of $5 per kilogram of hydrogen, it is critical to focus on reducing these additional costs. McKlveen and Roy (energypost.eu, 2024) at Verne, propose the implementation of a new system that significantly reduces the cost of hydrogen densification. With a reduction of approximately 85% of indirect costs, hydrogen could become economically competitive with diesel.

En la imagen se muestra una desarrolladora de hidrógeno

Efforts and innovations to reduce hydrogen production costs

In the United States, the Inflation Reduction Act offers a tax relief of $3 per kilogram of emissions-free hydrogen, incentivizing the creation of new production facilities. Meanwhile, massive investments are being made globally in electrolyzer companies that promise to lower the production costs of green hydrogen. However, high and variable prices make it difficult to achieve widespread hydrogen adoption.

According to an article published by Energy Post, hydrogen supply costs are influenced by its densification and transportation. Liquefaction can add up to $2.75 per kilogram to the total cost. Verne has developed a system that achieves comparable densities at a 65% lower cost. Reducing transportation costs and innovating truck loading capacity are expected to optimize distribution.

En la imagen se muestra una desarrolladora de hidrógeno

Hydrogen station technology has the potential to reduce costs by increasing the production of components like compressors and dispensers. Innovations in compressors, which lower the necessary pressure for refueling, can reduce costs and increase reliability. Additionally, the standardization and improvement of refueling nozzles can reduce costs and facilitate use by fleets and truck drivers.

For hydrogen to realize its potential in sectors such as heavy transport, it is essential to reduce its total cost. This will be achieved through greater investments in new technologies that optimize refueling and distribution. Collaboration between infrastructure developers, manufacturers, governments, and startups will be crucial to standardizing and commercializing efficient equipment and methods. Investing in cost reduction across the entire hydrogen value chain will enable it to replace diesel, ushering in a new era in heavy transport.

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